Phil Matson

Art McKee

Affiliate Research Professor

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Office Phone:  406-982-3301   x248

About Art McKee

Art McKee is Director Emeritus of the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, an LTER site associated with Oregon State University and currently is a research scientist with the Flathead Lake Biological Station. He grew up in northeastern Vermont, and attended the Univ. of Vermont, Univ. of Maine, and the Univ. of Georgia. His research interests include terrestrial/aquatic interactions, successional dynamics of riparian and upland communities, and landscape patterns of biological diversity. In addition to 30-plus years of field research in the Pacific Northwest, he has worked in the Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina, the Green and White Mountains of northern New England, the Colorado Rockies, at Sequoia Nat Park in the Sierra Nevada, the North Slope and Brooks Range of Alaska, and riparian areas of northern Minnesota. He has served as advisor to ecological research programs in China and Thailand for the World Bank and Rockefeller Foundation. Personal interests include skiing, fishing, sailing, baseball, and landscape photography.

Professional Experience

  • Research Scientist, 2002-present, Flathead Lake Biological Station, The University of Montana.
  • Director, H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, 1977-2002, Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University.
  • Co-Director, Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management, 1991-2002, Oregon State University.
  • Site Manager, Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, 1986-87.
  • Biologist (GS-11), Pacific Northwest Interagency Research Natural Area Program, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Corvallis, OR, 1975-77.
  • Instructor, Department of Botany & Plant Pathology, and Honors Program, College of Science, Oregon State University, 1973-76.
  • Site Coordinator, H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, U.S./International Biological Program: Coniferous Forest Biome, College of Forestry, Oregon State University, 1971-73.
  • Research Associate, Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory 1967-69.
  • Biologist (GS-7), Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory- U.S. Army, Hanover, NH, 1966
  • Biological Research Assistant, Dartmouth College and Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory- U.S. Army, Hanover, NH, 1965

Education

  • University of Vermont, Burlington, VT. 1962-65. (Forestry, Botany)
  • University of Maine, Orono, ME. 1965-67. (Forest Science)
  • University of Georgia, Athens, GA. 1969-71. NDEA Title IV Ph.D. Fellow (Forest Ecology)

Research

My interests include terrestrial/aquatic interactions, successional dynamics of riparian and upland communities, and landscape patterns of biological diversity. More specifically, the research has been designed to examine the mechanisms or processes that determine these linkages, dynamics and patterns. Past projects have looked at the amounts, quality and timing of litter inputs (energy) to streams and their changes through succession, effects of timing and severity of disturbance on vegetation succession, quantification of environmental gradients and their correlation with patterns of species distribution and abundance in riparian and upland habitats, role of roads and streams in movement of exotic species through a landscape, and importance of biological legacies in ecosystem recovery from disturbance.

A major goal of the research has been to improve natural resource management, and many of the studies listed above were conducted in cooperation with federal and state agencies. The efficacy of this partnership in shortening the time to move research results to application has become well documented.

Selected Publications

For a full listing of FLBS publications, click here.

  • Acker, S. A.; S.V.Gregory, G. Lienkaemper, W.A. McKee, F.J. Swanson, and S.D. Miller. 2003 Composition, complexity, and tree mortality in riparian forests in the central western Cascades of Oregon. Forest Ecology and Management 173: 293-308.
  • Berg, D.R., W.A.McKee, and M.Maki. 2002. Restoring riparian floodplain
    forests.
    In D.Mongomery, S.Bolton, and D.Booth eds., Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers. Univ. Washington Press. Seattle, Washington.
  • Franklin, J.F., D. Lindenmayer, J.A. MacMahon, A. McKee, J. Magnuson, D.A. Perry, R. Waide, and D.R. Foster. 2000. Threads of Continuity: Ecosystem Disturbances, Biological Legacies, and Ecosystem Recovery. Conservation Biology in Practice Vol. 1(1): 8-16.
  • Stanford, J. and A. McKee. 1999. Networking the Organization of Biological Field Stations (OBFS): An Action Plan for Environmental Research and Monitoring. Results of a workshop held May 17-22, 1998 at The National Center for Ecosystem Analysis and Synthesis, Santa Barbara, California. Organization of Biological Field Stations Pub. No. 2. http://www.obfs.org/Publications/Stanfrd_McKeNCEAS.pdf
  • Means, J.E., S.A. Acker, D.J. Harding, J.B. Blair, M.A. Lefsky, W.B. Cohen, M.E. Harmon, and W.A. McKee. 1999. Use of large-footprint scanning airborne lidar to estimate forest stand characteristics in the western Cascades of Oregon. Remote Sens. Environ. 67: 298-308.
  • Acker, S.A., T.E. Sabin, L.M. Ganio, and W.A. McKee. 1998 Development of old-growth structure and timber volume growth trends in maturing Douglas-fir stands. Forest Ecology and Management 104: 265-280.
  • Acker, S.A., W.A. McKee, M.E. Harmon, and J.F. Franklin. 1998. Long-term research on forest dynamics in the Pacific Northwest: a network of permanent plots. In F. Dallmeier and J.A. Comiskey (eds.), Forest biodiversity in North, Central and South America, and the Caribbean: Research and monitoring. pp. 93-106. UNESCO, Paris.
  • Kimes, D.S., B.N. Holben, J.E. Nickeson, and W.A. McKee. 1996. Extracting forest age in a Pacific Northwest forest from thematic mapper and topographic data. Remote Sens. Environ. 56: 133-140.
  • McKee, A., S. Gregory, L. Ashkenas, and Chippewa Riparian Management Team. 1996. Riparian management guide, Chippewa National Forest. Chippewa National Forest, Cass Lake, Minnesota. 97 pp
  • Acker, S.A., M.E. Harmon, T.A. Spies, and W.A. McKee. 1996. Spatial patterns of tree mortality in an old-growth Abies-Pseudotsuga stand. Northwest Science 70:132-138.
  • Peck, J.E., S.A. Acker, and W.A. McKee. 1995. Autecology of mosses in mature and old-growth forests in the central Western Cascades of Oregon. Northwest Science 69: 184-190.
  • Cissel, J.H., F.J. Swanson, W.A. McKee, and A.L. Burditt. 1994. Using the past to plan the future in the Pacific Northwest. J. of Forestry 92 (8): 30-31.
  • Hansen, A., R. Vega, A. McKee, and A. Moldenke. 1993. Ecological processes linking forest structure and avian diversity in western Oregon. In Boyle,T. ed., Biodiversity, temperate ecosystems, and global change. Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Montbello, Quebec, Canada. 17-19 August 1993. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Swanson, F.J., A. McKee, and S.V. Gregory. 1992. Managing riparian zones as ecosystems. Watershed Management Council Newsletter 4(3): 1-5.
  • Franklin, J.F., F.J. Swanson, M.E. Harmon, D.A. Perry, T.A. Spies, V.H. Dale, A. McKee, W.K. Ferrell, J.E. Means, S.V. Gregory, J.D. Lattin, T.D. Schowalter, and D. Larsen. 1992. Effects of global climate change on forests of northwestern North America. Northwest Environmental Journal 7(2): 233-254.
  • Gregory, S.V., F.J. Swanson, W.A. McKee, and K.W. Cummins. 1991. An ecosystem perspective of riparian zones. BioScience 41: 540-551.
  • McDade, M.H., F.J. Swanson, W.A. McKee, J.F. Franklin and J. Van Sickle. 1990. Source distances for coarse woody debris entering small streams in western Oregon and Washington. Can. J. For. Res. 20: 326-330.

Grants Recently Obtained

  • Research Support for Andrews Experimental Forest. $221,508. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station Award (PNW 01-CR-11261952-221). 10/01-09/06.
  • Northwest Center for Sustainable Resources (NCSR): An Advanced Technology Education Focal Point. $899,283. National Science Foundation, Division of Education and Human Resources, Advanced Technological Education DUE #0101498. 10/01-10/03.
  • Scalable Information Systems: from laboratories to NEONs. $50,000. National Science Foundation. 10/00-09/01
  • Young-stand thinning and species diversity study. $133,771. USDA Forest Service Joint Venture Agreement, PNW-99. 09/99-09/03.
  • Northwest Center for Sustainable Resources (NCSR). $4,996,950. National Science Foundation, Division of Education and Human Resources, Advanced Technological Education. 10/98-9/01.
  • Communications enhancement for Andrews Forest. $225,000. National Science Foundation, LTER program. 03/98-10/02
  • Inventory of riparian stand disturbance regimes. $30,000. USDA Forest Service Joint Venture Agreement, PNW-98. 05/98-12/02
  • Monitoring and analysis of permanent vegetation plots. $86,227. USDA Forest Service Cooperative Agreement, PNW-98. 2/98-2/99.
  • Auto-analytical equipment to analyze large numbers of water, soil, and plant samples. $42,083. National Science Foundation (Multi-user Equipment Competition). 4/98-4/99.

Professional Awards

  • Cooperative Research and Management Award. 1988. Willamette National Forest, Oregon. For outstanding contributions to improving the working relationship between research and management.
  • James and Mildred Oldfield Team Award. 1989. Oregon State University, College of Agriculture. "For demonstration of how individual strengths create collective success", an award for outstanding examples of collaborative research.
  • Dean's Award. 1990. College of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis. For exceptional contributions to furthering ecological sciences and incorporating that knowledge into forest management.
  • Conservation Award. 1991. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. For outstanding contributions to ecological sciences that promote conservation of natural resources and biological diversity.
  • New Perspectives Award. 1992. USDA Forest Service, Chief's Office. US Forest Service's national award for excellence in fostering improved natural resource management.
  • Outstanding Contributions Award. 2001. Northwest Center for Sustainable Resources, an NSF Center for Advanced Technology Education. For outstanding contributions to education on management of sustainable resources.

Professional Memberships (dates of offices held):

  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Institute Biological Sciences,
    • Representative from Org. of Biol Field Sta. (1990-1991)
  • Association of Ecosystem Research Centers,
    • Member at Large, Board of Directors (2000-2003)
  • Ecological Society of America
    • Co-organizer of Long-Term Studies Section
    • Chair, Long-Term Studies Section (2000-2002)
  • Northwest Scientific Association
  • Natural Areas Association
    • Program committee (1996-1997)
  • Organization of Biological Field Stations
    • Chair, Research Committee (1986-1994)
    • Vice-president (1987-1989)
    • Chair, NSF Relations Committee (1996-present)
    • President (1998-2000)
    • Past-President (2000-2002)
    • Liaison to LTER program (1998-2002)