Bill Kleindl

Bill Kleindl

Postdoctoral Scholar

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Office Phone:  406-599-7721  

Bill is studying the effects of large-scale disturbance on an ecosystems condition. He received his master’s degree 15 years ago from the University of Washington-Seattle, where he developed a benthic index of biotic integrity (B-IBI) for assessing the ecological condition the Puget Sound lowland streams disturbed by urbanization. This model uses aquatic macroinvertebrates to assess stream biotic health and is currently being used by several Puget Sound counties and municipalities to determine stream and watershed health. Since his graduation, he has worked on the development of hydrogeomorphic functional assessment models (HGM) for rivers and wetlands in Alaska, California, Colorado, Maryland, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Washington. The HGM is an approach to assessing functions of aquatic systems that have been disturbed by a wide range of land use practices. These models are used to facilitate the permit process for the Clean Water Act and to ensure successful mitigation prioritization, implementation, and monitoring.  In addition to modeling, he has spent the last 15 years working as a wetland and stream consultant to assist private and public clients with policy development, permit assistance, mitigation design and monitoring, and natural resources construction monitoring to ensure permit compliance. Bill is currently pursuing a Ph.D. that will adapt the tools he has used during and after his master’s degree to assess and monitor the effects of climate change on ecosystem condition at a sub-regional scale. Ideally these new tools will assist land managers and decision makers negotiate the complex interactions of global-scale disturbances on local ecosystem processes.


  • University of Montana, Missoula: Current PhD Student: Systems Ecology Fall 2009 - Current
  • University of Washington, Seattle: Masters of Science in Aquatic Ecology 1995
  • University of Wisconsin, Madison: Secondary Education Certification in Biology 1990
  • University of Wisconsin, Madison: Bachelor of Science in Botany 1987

Research Interests

  • Scale dependent and independent ecosystem functions
  • Scale dependent and independent disturbance regimes
  • Ecosystem-disturbance relationships across multiple scales
  • Applied ecosystem tools for land managers and decision makers
  • Facilitating communication between scientists and decision makers


  • Kleindl, W. J., M. C. Rains, and F. R. Hauer. In Press. HGM is a Rapid Assessment: Clearing the Confusion. Wetland Science and Practice. In Press.
  • Eric D. Stein, Mark Brinson, Mark C. Rains, William Kleindl, and F. Richard Hauer. 2009. Wetland Assessment Debate: Wetland Assessment Alphabet Soup. How to Choose (or not Choose) the Right Assessment Method. Wetland Science and Practice 26(4):20-24.
  • Kleindl, W. J., M. C. Rains, F. R. Hauer, J. Doskocil, and J. White. 2008. Jicarilla Rapid Assessment of Functions (JRAF): A Protocol for the Rapid Assessment of Functions on Riverine Floodplains in the San Juan River System. Jicarilla Apache Nation. Natural Resources Department. Dulce, New Mexico.
  • Kleindl, W.J., L. Tear, R. Maney, P. Lawson, and W. LaVoie. 2004. Modeling Ecosystem Integrity: Decision Tools for Prioritizing Stream Restoration in the 2003 Georgia Basin/Puget Sound Research Conference Proceedings, February 2004. Puget Sound Action Team. Seattle, Washington
  • Lee, L.C., M. Brinson, W.J. Kleindl, M. Whited, M. Gilbert, W.L. Nutter, M.C. Rains, D. Whigham, D. Dewald. 1997. Operational draft Guidebook to HGM Functional Assessments in Temporary and Seasonal Depressional Waters/Wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region of North America. Prepared for the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, D.C.
  • Rains, M.C. M.M. Brinson, M. Clark, K.A. Coshow, J. Hall, G. Hollands, W.J. Kleindl, D. LaPlant, L. C. Lee, W. L. Nutter, R. Post, J. Powell, T. Rockwell, D. Whighan. 1997. Draft Guidebook for the Application of Hydrogeomorphic Functional Assessments in Precipitation-Driven Wetlands in Interior Alaska. Prepared for the State of Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation.
  • Lee, L.C., M.C. Rains, J.A. Mason and W.J. Kleindl. 1997. Draft Guidebook to HGM Functional Assessments in Riverine Waters/Wetlands of the Santa Margarita Watershed. Prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Region IX), San Francisco, California.
  • Lee, L.C., M.C. Rains, J.A. Mason and W.J. Kleindl. 1996. Draft Guidebook to HGM Functional Assessments in 3rd and 4th Order Riverine Waters/Wetlands of the Central California Coast.. Prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Region IX), San Francisco, California.
  • Kleindl, W. J. 1995. A Benthic Index of Biotic Integrity for Puget Sound Lowland Streams, Washington, USA. M.S. Thesis, University of Washington. Seattle, Washington.
  • Madsen, J.D., M.S. Adams, and W.J. Kleindl. 1987. The Aquatic macrophyte Community of Black Earth Creek, Wisconsin: 1981-1986. Wisconsin Academy of Arts Letters and Science.
  • Madsen, J.D., M.S. Adams, and W.J. Kleindl. 1987. Aquatic Macrophytes in Hydrology, Aquatic Macrophytes, and Water Quality in Black Earth Creek and its Tributaries, Dane Co. Wisconsin. 85-86. (eds.) S.J. Fields and D. Graczyk. USGS Water-resources investigation.

Bill's C.V.

Kleindl C.V.



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updated: 11/23/2015 12:04 pm