Marty Kardos

Marty Kardos

Research Scientist/Postdoctoral Scholar

Marty Kardos


I am an evolutionary biologist with particular interests in population genomics and conservation. I use simulations and analyses of empirical genomic data to investigate evolution in hybrid zones, outbreeding depression, inbreeding depression, and the genetic underpinnings of phenotypic variation and adaptation in wild populations. Currently, I am investigating hybridization, outbreeding depression, and adaptation in native salmonids.  



2001-2005, B.S. Organismal Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman

2007-2013, Ph.D. Organismal Biology & Ecology, University of Montana; Advisors: Gordon Luikart and Fred W. Allendorf; Dissertation title: “The genetic basis of fitness: detecting inbreeding depression and selective sweeps in bighorn sheep



2016-present, Postdoctoral Researcher, Flathead Lake Biological Station, University of Montana, Polson, Montana, USA

2014-2016, Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Uppsala   University, Uppsala, Sweden



Population and conservation genomics


Inbreeding depression

Genetic basis of fitness-related traits



Kardos M, Shafer ABA. 2018. The peril of gene-targeted conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution,

Hendricks S, Anderson EC, Antao T, Bernatchez L, Forester BR, Garner B, Hand BK, Hohenlohe PA, Kardos M, Koop B, Sethuraman A, Waples R, Luikart G. 2018. Recent advances in population genomics data analysis. Evolutionary Applications 11: 1197-1211.

Kardos M, Luikart G, Allendorf FW. 2018. Predicting the evolutionary effects of hunting requires an understanding of genetics.  Journal of Wildlife Management 82: 889-891.

Kardos M, Nietlisbach P, Hedrick PW. 2018. How should we compare different genomic estimates of the strength of inbreeding depression? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 20174475

Kardos M, Åkesson M, Fountain T, Flagstad Ø, Liberg O, Olason P, Sand H, Wabakken P, Wikenros C, Ellegren H. 2018. Genomic consequences of intensive inbreeding in an isolated wolf population. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2: 124-131.

Kardos M, Qvarnström A, Ellegren H. 2017. Inferring individual inbreeding and demographic history from segments of identity by descent in Ficedula flycatcher genome sequences. Genetics 205: 1319-1334.

Hedrick PW, Kardos M, Peterson R, Vucetich JA. 2016. Genomic variation of inbreeding and ancestry in the remaining two Isle Royale wolves. Journal of Heredity 108: 120-126.

Kardos M, Taylor HR, Ellegren H, Luikart G, Allendorf FW. 2016. Genomics advances the study of inbreeding depression in the wild. Evolutionary Applications 9: 1205-1218.

Roffler G, Amish S, Smith S, Cosart T, Kardos M, Luikart G, Schwartz M. 2016. SNP discovery in candidate adaptive genes using exon capture in a free-ranging alpine ungulate. Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 1147-1164.

Stoffel MA, Esser M, Nichols H, Kardos M, David P, Hoffman JI. 2016. inbreedR: An R package for the analysis of inbreeding based on genetic markers. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 7: 1331-1339.

 Shafer ABA, Miller JM, Kardos M. 2016. Cross-species application of SNP chips is not suitable for identifying runs of homozygosity. Journal of Heredity 107: 193-195.

Kardos M, Husby A, McFarlane E, Qvarnström A, Ellegren H. 2015. Whole-genome resequencing of extreme phenotypes in collared flycatchers highlights the difficulty of detecting quantitative trait loci in natural populations. Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 727-741.

Kardos M, Luikart G, Bunch R, Dewey S, Edwards H, McWilliam S, Stephenson J, Allendorf FW, Hogg JT, Kijas J. 2015. Whole genome resequencing uncovers molecular signatures of natural and sexual selection in wild bighorn sheep. Molecular Ecology 24: 5616-5632.

Kardos M, Luikart G, Allendorf FW. 2015. Measuring individual inbreeding in the age of genomics: marker-based measures are better than pedigrees. Heredity 115: 63-72.

Taylor HR, Kardos M, Ramstad KM, Allendorf FW. 2015. Valid estimates of individual inbreeding coefficients from marker-based pedigrees are not feasible in wild populations with low allelic diversity. Conservation Genetics 16: 901-913.

Hand BK, Chen S, Anderson N, Beja-Pereira A, Cross P, Ebinger M, Edwards W, Garrot B, Kardos M, Kauffman M, Landguth EL, Middleton A, Schwartz M, Scurlock B, White PJ, Zager P, Luikart G. 2014. Sex-Biased gene flow among elk in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 5: 124-132.

Kardos M, Allendorf FW, Luikart G. 2014. Evaluating the role of inbreeding depression in heterozygosity-fitness correlations: how useful are tests for identity disequilibrium? Molecular Ecology Resources 14: 519-530.

See W, Edwards H, Lowell J, Wallen R, Kardos M, Almendra C, Gardipee F, Cain S, Holben W, Luikart G. 2012. Yersinia enterocolitica: an unlikely cause of positive brucellosis tests in Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem bison. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 48: 538-541.



2012, NSF EPSCoR Montana Institute on Ecosystems Graduate Fellowship ($8,700)

2012, Montana Ecology of Infectious Diseases research grant ($10,000)

2011, Montana Ecology of Infectious Diseases IGERT Travel awards (3) ($7,000)

2009, Honorable mention, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program

2009, Montana Ecology of Infectious Diseases Small Research Grant ($2,500)

2007, Montana Ecology of Infectious Diseases NSF IGERT Traineeship ($82,000)

2005, NSF EPSCoR research grant ($500)



The 19th Sede Boqer Symposium in Memory of Merav Ziv; Conservation Genetics: genetic diversity as a goal and a tool in conservation biology, Sede Boqer , Israel, 17 May 2018: Keynote Address: How is genomics changing conservation biology?

Wild Genomics 2018, Bielefeld, Germany, 7 March 2018: Genomic signatures of inbreeding in Scandinavian wolves

Conservation Genomics Workshop, Flathead Lake Biological Station; University of Montana, 6 September 2016, 27 September 2017, 28 September 2017

Wild Genomics 2015, Selbu, Norway, 24 June 2015

Department of Zoology, University of Stockholm, 7 November 2014

Grand Teton National Park Research Symposium; Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming, 7 September 2011

Foundation for North American Wild Sheep; Sheridan, Wyoming, 5 June 2010

Teton Range Bighorn Sheep Working Group; Grand Teton National Park, 11 January 2009



North American Congress for Conservation Biology; Missoula, Montana, 14 July 2014

Evolution; Snowbird, Utah, 25 June 2013

International Congress for Conservation Biology; Auckland, New Zealand, 5 December 2011

Evolution; Norman, Oklahoma, 19 June 2011

International Congress for Conservation Biology; Edmonton, Alberta, 6 July 2010



Teaching Assistant

Fall 2009, 2010: Ecology, with Prof. Erick Greene

Spring 2010: Ecology, with Dr. Vanessa Ezenwa

Spring & Fall 2011: Ecology, with Dr. John Roach

Spring 2010, Fall 2011: Conservation Genetics, with Prof. Fred W. Allendorf


Guest Lecturer

Genetic Drift; Conservation Genetics; University of Montana, 08 February 2017

Measuring individual inbreeding in the age of genomics: marker-based measures are better than pedigrees; Conservation Genetics; University of Montana; 08 January 2016

Studying inbreeding depression in the age of genomics; Conservation Genetics; University of Montana; 23 January 2014

Inbreeding depression and pedigree analysis; Conservation Genetics; University of Montana; 28 October 2011

Inbreeding depression and pedigree analysis; Conservation Genetics; University of Montana; 16 March 2010

Population genetics as a tool in ecology and conservation; Ecology; University of Montana; 24 February 2010 



Manuscript reviewer

Animal Conservation

Animal Genetics

Biological Conservation

Biology Letters

Conservation Biology

Conservation Genetics

Current Biology

Ecology and Evolution


Evolutionary Applications


G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics


Journal of Heredity

Journal of Wildlife Management

Methods in Ecology and Evolution

Molecular Biology & Evolution

Molecular Ecology

Molecular Ecology Resources

Nature Scientific Reports


Royal Society Open Science


Grant reviewer

French National Research Agency (ANR)



American Fisheries Society

Genetics Society of America

Society for the Study of Evolution