Dr. John Kimball

Status and Research Interests

Research Professor with the Flathead Lake Biological Station and Numerical Terradynamic Simulation Group (NTSG) of The University of Montana. My expertise and research interests involve soil-vegetation-atmosphere water, energy and trace gas relations, remote sensing, and ecosystem process modeling. My current research activities integrate biophysical theory, field measurements and emerging technologies including satellite optical and microwave remote sensing, GIS and hydro-ecological models to describe the function, distribution and condition of vegetation and associated carbon, water and energy cycle processes. My interests emphasize a landscape perspective for understanding ecosystem processes, integrating across disciplines and various scales.

Education:

Professional affiliations:

  • NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission Science Transition and Definition Teams
  • NASA EOS MODIS and AMSR-E instrument science teams
  • Associate Editor, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing
  • NSF SEARCH AON-CADIS data advisory group
  • NASA Earth Science Data System Working Group (DSWG)
  • NASA ORNL-DAAC user working group for regional and global data
  • NASA North American Carbon Program (NACP) Principal Investigator
  • Member: American Geophysical Union (AGU); IEEE Geoscience & Remote Sensing Society

Selected Recent Research Projects

  • Development of a satellite-based terrestrial carbon flux model in support of SMAP carbon cycle science; sponsoring agency: NASA Terrestrial Ecology program.
  • Freeze/thaw and carbon cycle science contributions to the SMAP Science Definition Team (SDT); sponsoring agency: NASA SMAP mission.
  • An Earth system data record for land surface freeze/thaw state: Quantifying terrestrial water mobility constraints to global ecosystem processes; sponsoring agency: NASA MEaSUREs program.
  • Vegetation phenology assessment using satellite radar remote sensing: Global monitoring of daily and seasonal changes in canopy structure and water status; sponsoring agency: NASA Terrestrial Ecology program.
  • Pan-Arctic assessment of terrestrial freeze-thaw state and associated biophysical constraints to northern vegetation productivity; sponsoring agency: NASA Earth System Science Research (ESSR) program.
  • Satellite monitoring of landscape freeze-thaw state and associated constraints to the North American carbon budget; sponsoring agency: NASA North American Carbon Program (NACP).

Selected Publications

  • Kimball, J.S., K.C. McDonald, S.W. Running, and S. Frolking, 2004. Satellite radar remote sensing of seasonal growing seasons for boreal and subalpine evergreen forests. Remote Sensing of Environment 90, 243-258.
  • Kimball, J.S., M. Zhao, A.D. McGuire, F.A. Heinsch, J. Clein, M. Calef, W.M. Jolly, S. Kang, S.E. Euskirchen, K.C. McDonald, and S.W. Running, 2007. Recent climate driven increases in vegetation productivity for the Western Arctic: Evidence of an acceleration of the northern terrestrial carbon cycle. Earth Interactions 11, 4, 1-23.
  • McDonald, K.C, and J.S. Kimball, 2005. Hydrological application of remote sensing: Freeze-thaw states using both active and passive microwave sensors. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. Part 5. Remote Sensing. M.G. Anderson and J.J. McDonnell (Eds.), John Wiley & Sons Ltd. DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa059a.
  • Whited, D.C., M.S. Lorang, M.J. Harner, F.R. Hauer, J.S. Kimball and J.A. Stanford, 2007. Climate, Hydrologic disturbance, and succession: Drivers of floodplain pattern. Ecology 88 (4), 940-953.
  • Zhang, K., J.S. Kimball, K.C. McDonald, J.J. Cassano, and S.W. Running, 2007. Impacts of large-scale oscillations on pan-Arctic terrestrial net primary production. Geophysical Research Letters 34, L21403, doi:10.1029/2007GL031605.